Большая библиография 50 Years of Army Computing: From eniac to msrc

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50 Years of Army Computing: From ENIAC to MSRC (Thomas J. Bergin, editor). ARL-SR-93, Army Research Laboratory and the U.S. Army Ordnance Center & School, 2000. 168 p.

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Abramson, Albert. Zworykin, Pioneer of Television. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1995. 319 p.

Vladimir K. Zworykin (1889-1982), the Russian/American electronics pioneer, who contributed to the early development of electron microscopes, photoelectric cells, facsimile machines, etc., as well as of television cameras and receivers.

Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the breaking of the Enigma Code to the birth of the modern computer. Michael Smith and Ralph Erskine (eds.). London, N.-Y.: Bantam, 2001. 543+xv p.

22 essays covering the BP story from the aftermath of World War I to the era of Cold War cooperation that BP's success made possible.... The editors provide short introductions to each essay, putting them in context.

A great amount of new information on how things were achieved at Bletchley Park (B.P.). "Of special interest are the papers of the B.P. veterans, who reveal not only where they worked, but what they really did and how they achieved their successes.

Best book ever written about code breaking at Bletchley Park (BP).... [C]hapters by some of Britain's outstanding historians, former code breakers and academics (plus two Americans) ... trace the legacy of BP from the innovative work that led to the breaking of Enigma and other wartime codes, to the invention of modern computing and its influence on Cold War code breaking

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[Proc. 7th Symp. on the History of Data Processing and Communications]

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Unique, thought-provoking study discusses quipu, an accounting system employing knotted, colored cords, used by Incas to transmit information. Cultural context, mathematics involved, quipu-maker in Inca society - even how to make a quipu. Fascinating for anthropologists, ethnologists, students, general readers. Over 125 photos and illustrations.

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This article discusses the role of the US National Science Foundation in the provision of scientific computing facilities for colleges and universities in the period 1950 to 1973. In this period, the NSF played a major role in establishing computing facilities on American campuses for the purposes of scientific research and science education. By the end of this period, most of these programs at NSF had been disbanded, and the foundation was concentrating its support for computing not on the service of other scientific disciplines, but instead on the establishment of a theoretically oriented discipline of computer science. The primary focus here is on NSF institutional history, with only a few examples of the impact of NSF programs. But it is an important part of a larger story of the role of the federal government in establishing American hegemony in computing in this era.

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It is amazing to see how many web pages are devoted to the art of finding the date of Easter Sunday. Just for illustration, the reader may search for terms such as Gregorian calendar, date of Easter, or Easter algorithm. Sophisticated essays as well as less enlightening contributions are presented, and many a doubt is expressed about the reliability of some results obtained with some Easter algorithms. In short, there is still a great interest in those problems. Gregorian Easter algorithms exist for two centuries (or more?), but most of their history is rather obscure. Some reasons may be that some important sources are written in Latin or in the German of Goethes time, or they are difficult to discover. Without being complete, the following paper is intended to shed light on how those techniques emerged and evolved. Like a microcosm, the history of Easter algorithms resembles the history of any science: it is a story of trials, errors, and successes, and, last but not least, a story of offended pride.

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Herman Hollerith developed electric tabulating machines to be used in compiling, aggregating, and totaling data items for the 1890 United States census. Hollerith's innovative genius and success with the electric tabulation of complex data laid the foundation for the computer industry and contributed to the development of management information systems.

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It is a work of art that describes the human ability to create meaningful connections between individual points and meaningful patterns from among them. The route we have taken from using pebbles to calculate to the highly complex computers of today is described and illustrated in a fascinating way and in amazingly easy to understand stages, using stunning photographs.

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Статья о малоизвестной счетной машине шотландского священника Дж. Брауна, получившего на нее в 1698 г. патент сроком на 14 лет. Несколько сохранившихся экземпляров машины хранятся в Эдинбурге, в Национальном музее науки.

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How the Web Was Born, by CERN's James Gillies and Robert Cailliau, follows the trail from the dawn of ARPANet through the mid-90s, just as the Web boom was beginning to take off in earnest. That may seem like an odd ending point, but the post-1995 story has already been told ad nauseam, and the writers know how to quit while they're ahead. The story is told from widely varying viewpoints and across shifting timelines as the various players are introduced and observed; this adds some complexity to the narrative, but yields a truer picture of the team efforts required to devise and launch the Web. Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Marc Andreesen, Tim Berners-Lee (of course), and many more, figure prominently in the interwoven tales, and are briefly summarized in an abridged cast list at the end of the book, along with a paper and electronic bibliography. The book assumes some knowledge and interest on the part of the reader and saves its big-picture context for the end, but provides reader motivation both by its subject's inherent interest and the recurrent personalization of the story. Neither textbook nor CERN propaganda, How the Web Was Born offers an engagingly networked collection of characters that, like their invention, creates something larger than the sum of its parts.

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This classic study notes the first appearance of a mathematical symbol and its origin, the competition it encountered, its spread among writers in different countries, its rise to popularity, its eventual decline or ultimate survival. The author’s coverage of obsolete notations - and what we can learn from them - is as comprehensive as those which have survived and still enjoy favor. Originally published in 1929 in a two-volume edition, this monumental work is presented here in one volume.

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Campbell-Kelly M. The Airy Tape: An Early Chapter in the History of Debugging // AHC, Vol. 14, № 4, October-December 1992. P. 16-26.

Campbell S. M. Beatrice Helen Worsley: Canadas Female Computer Pioneer // AHC, vol. 25, № 4, 2003. P. 51-62.

Campbell-Kelly M. From Airline reservation to Sonic the Hedgehog. A History of the Software Industry. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2003. 388 p.

Campbell-Kelly M., Aspray W. Computer: a History of the Information Machine. N.-Y.: Basic Books, 1996. 332 p.

Campbell-Kelly M., Williams M. R. (eds.). The Moore School Lectures: Theory and Techniques for the Design of Electronic Digital Computers. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press, 1985. 616 p.

Volume 9 in the Babbage Reprint Series makes the Moore School Lectures (1946) available for the first time. Delivered by such notable engineers and scientists as J.P. Eckert, J. Mauchly, H. Goldstine, A.W. Burks, and J. von Neumann at the University of Pennsylvania as a direct response to crucial new developments in the design and construction of the early stored program computer, the ENIAC, the lectures provide a comprehensive overview of the history of computing devices and digital and analog computing mechanisms; machine elements, including arithmetic circuits and the Selectron; numerical mathematical methods; and a detailed presentation of the ENIAC, the parallel type EDVAC, and the serial acoustic binary EDVAC.

Caplan E. The Controversial Replica of Leonardo da Vincis Adding Machine // AHC, Vol. 19, № 2, 1997. P. 62-63.

Carpenter B. E., Doran R. W. A. M. Turings ACE report of 1946 and other papers. Cambridge: The MIT Press/Los Angeles: Tomash Publishers, 1986.

Carroll C. M. The Great Chess Automaton. N.-Y.: Dover Books, 1975. 116 p.

Ceruzzi P. E. 1941 RPN Computer? // PPC Calculator Journal, vol. 7, № 3, April 1980. P. 25.

Ceruzzi P. E. The Early Computers of Konrad Zuse, 1935 to 1945 // AHC, Vol. 3, № 3, July-September 1981. P. 241-262.

Ceruzzi P. E. Reckoners. The prehistory of the digital computer: from relays to the stored program concept, 1935-1945. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1983. 186 p.

Ceruzzi P. Electronics Technology and Computer Science, 1940-1975: A Coevolution // AHC, Vol. 10, № 4, October-December 1988. P. 257-275.

Cerruzzi P. Beyond the Limits: Flight Enters the Computer Age. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1989. 200 p.

Computers and flying machines are two dominant technologies of our time. Beyond the Limits shows the ways in which they interact, clearly illustrating the complex issues and devices involved in their mutual evolution. It describes and illustrates how computer technology has affected the theory and practice of the engineering and operations of aircraft and spacecraft from 1945 to the present.

Paul Ceruzzi points out that the "revolution" in aerospace technology has been going on for at least forty years. For the first time, he tells how modern flight depends on computers, how this came about, and what its consequences are. He brings to light new facets of the individual stories of aerospace and computing, while also revealing more general themes about the dynamics and evolution of these modern technologies.

Spacecraft and fighters make use of leading-edge computer technologies in their design, testing manufacture, navigation and operation; moreover pilots and astronauts rely on computer simulations throughout their training. Ceruzzi describes these technologies and their history. In separate chapters he focuses on Northrop ("midwife of the computer industry"), missile tracking, Whirlwind, Apollo, Minuteman, and the software involved. An appendix discusses the role that on-board and ground computers played in the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.

Ceruzzi P. Crossing the Divide: Architectural Issues and the Emergence of the Stored Program Computer, 1935-1955 // AHC, Vol. 19, № 1, January-March 1997. P. 5-12.

Cerruzzi P. A History of Modern Computing. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1998. 416 p. (2nd ed. 2003. 459 p.)

This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the dot-com crash. The author concentrates on five key moments of transition: the transformation of the computer in the late 1940s from a specialized scientific instrument to a commercial product; the emergence of small systems in the late 1960s; the beginning of personal computing in the 1970s; the spread of networking after 1985; and, in a chapter written for this edition, the period 1995-2001. The new material focuses on the Microsoft antitrust suit, the rise and fall of the dot-coms, and the advent of open source software, particularly Linux. Within the chronological narrative, the book traces several overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's internal design; the effect of economic trends and the Cold War; the long-term role of IBM as a player and as a target for upstart entrepreneurs; the growth of software from a hidden element to a major character in the story of computing; and the recurring issue of the place of information and computing in a democratic society. The focus is on the United States (though Europe and Japan enter the story at crucial points), on computing per se rather than on applications such as artificial intelligence, and on systems that were sold commercially and installed in quantities.

Ceruzzi P. E. When Computers Were Human // AHC, Vol. 13, № 3, July-September 1991. P. 237-244.

Chabert J.-L., Barbin E. A History of Algorithms: From the Pebble to the Microchip. Springer-Verlag, 1999. 524 p.

A Source Book for the History of Mathematics, but one which offers a different perspective by focusing on algorithms. With the development of computing has come an awakening of interest in algorithms. Often neglected by historians and modern scientists, more concerned with the nature of concepts, algorithmic procedures turn out to have been instrumental in the development of fundamental ideas: practice led to theory just as much as the other way round. The purpose of this book is to offer a historical background to contemporary algorithmic practice.

Chandler W. W. The Installation and Maintenance of Colossus // AHC, Vol. 5, № 3, July-September 1983. P. 260-262.

Chase G. C. History of Mechanical Computing Machinery // AHC, Vol. 2, № 3, July-September 1980. P. 198-226.

Christopher Evans Conversation: J. M. M. Pinkerton // AHC, Vol. 5, № 1, January-March 1983. P. 64-72.

Clarke W. F. Bletchly-Park 1941-1945 / Selections from Cryptologia: history, people, and technology. Deavours Cipher A., ed. Norwood, MA: Artech House, Inc, 1998. P. 227-234.

Clymer A. B. The mechanical analog computers of Hannibal Ford and William Newell // AHC, vol. 15, № 2, 1993. P. 19-34.

Cohen J. A view of the origins and development of Prolog // Communications of the ACM, vol. 31, № 1 (Jan. 1988). P. 26-36.

Cohen I. B. The Use of “Bug” in Computing // AHC, Vol. 16, № 2, Summer 1994. P. 54-55.

Cohen I. B. Howard Aiken on the Number of Computers Needed for the Nation // AHC, Vol. 20, № 3, July/September 1998. P. 27-32.

Cohen I. B. Howard Aiken: Portrait of a Computer Pioneer. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1999. 412 p.

Cohen I. B., Welch G. W. (eds.). Makin Numbers: Howard Aiken and the Computer. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1999. 320 p.

Сборник статей. См. 1994, № 2. Анекдоты

Cohen G. L., Shannon A. G. John Wards Method for the Calculation of Pi // Historia Mathematica, vol. 8, May 1981. P. 133-144.

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